Islamic Economy Strategy in Achieving the Objectives

Islamic Economy Strategy in Achieving the Objectives - The conventional economists began to realize that an economic system that is currently being deconstructed turned himself, after all this time reached an incredible leap of progress. Robert Heibroner says, economic experts are starting to realize that they have built sophisticated buildings on the narrow ground that is fragile. Modern economies have failed to ensure sustainable growth, the distribution of Justice, a balanced human development, social harmony and justice area for the most part humans and faced domestically and abroad with the threat of prolonged recession, unemployment could not be eliminated, uncontrolled monetary expansion, the domestic debt and a growing number of Foreign Affairs, and with her appearance in extreme wealth and extreme poverty worse in each country as well as among communities.

According to Dr. Chapra, Islam is Economic: branch of knowledge (Sciences) that helps humans to achieve human welfare through the allocation and distribution of the scarcity of resources.

In the book The Future of Economic: An Islamic Perspective, we can see with glasses that holistic achievement of goals to achieve (economic) system can be started from anywhere. There are five points that can be selected as the initial terminal system (Economics), the Islamic Sharia (S), (G) political power, the public (N), wealth or resources or Maal (W), (g) development and justice (j).

All five of these variables are in a loop that is interdependent because each other influence each other. The cycle was popularized by by Adiwarman a. Karim in the preface to the book The Future of Economic: An Islamic Perspective with the term cycle of Chapra. This cycle is from the book of works is Sharh Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun that discuss fell up a civilization.

The cycle above can also be derived functions below:

G = f (S, N, W, g and j)

Where G is the ups and downs of a dynasty, while the S, N, W, g and j is the implementation of Sharia, the well-being of the people, development and equitable distribution of wealth, the actualization of the construction or growth of development, and justice. All these factors influence each other, so that it can be an independent factor dependent and vice versa. For example Sharia Implementation relies on support from the dynamic needs of the community, for example, currently a growing number of Muslim communities (N) who want Sharia, of course she should deal in consequence is the economy/banking system implementations that comply with Shariah principles will increase. But it should be realized as well as Shariah-compliant implementations cannot take place properly when scholars too liberal or too rigid or very secular and corrupt government or its people too poor, ignorant and depressed so as not to have significant effects. So that it can be said of Sharia implementation will not be effective if G and N (including scholars) did not play a role in supporting the implementation of the perfect principles of Sharia. So in this case clearly visible S become dependent variable. Dr. Chapra formulated to develop the economy of Islam through the stages of S-N-W-j & g-G-S:
  1. Instill the awareness of Sharia (S),
  2. Develop communities resulting Society (N) the familiar Sharia.
  3. The Increase of wealth (W) the public understands this Islamic.
  4. When this is reached then the other development aspects cannot be ignored and the most important is the development of law and justice (j & g). At this stage we have a rich community of Islamic awareness and fair.
  5. The next step is to establish a strong Government (G). 

Its name, meaning the process cycle can start from any component, provided that we are aware of the consequences of logical stages.

    No comments:

    Post a Comment